The White House on Monday published President Trump’s fiscal year 2019 budget, which calls for major spending cuts to domestic government programs while boosting defense and homeland security funding.
Here’s a quick rundown of notable homeland security, cybersecurity and IT spending.
The Budget requests $46 billion in discretionary appropriations for DHS, a $3.4 billion or 8-percent increase from the 2017 enacted level (excluding updated 2017 receipts). In addition, $6.7 billion is available to help communities overwhelmed by major disasters.
Critical investments include $1.6 billion for construction of the border wall and $782 million to hire and support 2,750 additional law enforcement officers and agents at U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) and U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE). The Budget also requests $2.5 billion for detaining up to 47,000 illegal aliens on a daily basis.
The Budget includes $1.0 billion to support DHS’s efforts to safeguard the Federal Government’s civilian information technology systems against cybersecurity threats. These funds also support DHS efforts to share cybersecurity information with State, local, and tribal governments, as well as with international partners and the private sector.
CBP & Border Security
Within the Administration’s proposal for $18 billion to fund the border wall, the Budget invests $1.6 billion to support CBP efforts to gain operational control of the Southwest border.
The Budget also requests $211 million for 750 additional Border Patrol agents in 2019, continuing the President’s commitment to increase the ranks of the Border Patrol by 5,000 new agents.
The Budget furthers investment in CBP technology and targeting systems such as the National Targeting Center (NTC) and the Biometric EntryExit System. The Budget requests a total of $253 million for NTC, an increase of $79 million, for its overall mission, including the background vetting of individuals seeking to enter the United States before they arrive. These programs would enable the Government to better identify terrorists and other criminals and prevent their entry into the United States. Completion of the long-required Biometric Entry-Exit System would increase law enforcement’s ability to identify and remove those who overstay their visas.
The Budget provides approximately $7.7 billion to support the TSA employees and technology that ensure the free movement of people and commerce.
Within TSA, the Budget invests $71 million in new technology to make airport screening more effective and faster. Computed tomography, used for years in hospital and industrial applications, is being adapted for aviation checkpoints to address emerging threats to passenger flights. The technology provides high-definition 3D images that screeners can zoom and rotate to identify and remove suspicious items before they get onto an airplane.
The Budget requests $1.9 billion for the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) for its programs that award grants to State and local governments. These funds help equip emergency responders so they can be prepared for natural or manmade disasters.
Risk management assessments carried out under the President’s Executive Order 138003, Strengthening the Cybersecurity of Federal Networks and Critical Infrastructure, demonstrated that the majority of Federal agencies could not appropriately manage their cybersecurity risk. These assessments found enterprisewide gaps in network visibility, IT tool standardization, and common operating procedures, all of which negatively affect Federal cybersecurity and put our nation at risk.
The FY 2019 President’s Budget includes $15 billion of budget authority for cybersecurity-related activities, a $583.4 million (4.1 percent) increase above the FY 2018 Estimate. Due to the sensitive nature of some activities, this amount does not represent the entire cyber budget.
The DOD was the largest contributor to this total. In particular, DOD reported $8.5 billion in cybersecurity funding in FY 2019, a $340 million (4.2 percent) increase above the FY 2018 Estimate. At an aggregate level, civilian cybersecurity spending increased 3.9 percent in the FY 2019 President’s Budget.
The FY 2019 President’s Budget includes $210 million for the Technology Modernization Fund (TMF). The TMF was established as a key component of the Modernizing Government Technology provisions in the Fiscal Year 2018 National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA).